The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
Socrates Said “Wisdom began in wonders. Studies shows that awe induce deeper level of cognitive processing .It boost empathy and help us to connect with world around us in meaningful ways. Art and science are borne from it.Wonder is more than just a good feelings; It is a seed from which our greatest treasure grow.” Wonders natured our soul as we are the only spice on earth that can move, feel and have sense of nature.Wonders define us as human being. Seven wonders of the world are the collections of classical construction of the Ancient era listed by various great Greek authors including “Antipater of Sidon and Philo of Byzantium”. Scholars believe that these man made structures were started to be compiled in Second BC and defined in the middle age. This collection is the proof of man’s creativity and attracting architecture designs of Ancient Era. Each wonder is best in itself and represent history of its region. these seven wonders are
1: The Great Pyramid of Giza , Cairo Egypt :
The great Pyramid was built in 2560BC. This great Pyramid is the largest of three pyramids built in the ancient city Giza that is now the part of greater Cario Egypt.It was built as a tomb for Egyptian Pharaoh Khufa. It was constructed by estimated 140,000 t0 3,600,000 men-power and took 20 years to be completed. It was the tallest man-made structure for 4 millennia after it was built (measured approximately 480 feet high and 755 feet long).
2: Temple of Artemis at Ephesus :
\”When I saw the house of Artemis that mounted to the clouds, those other marvels lost their brilliancy, and I said, \’Lo, apart from Olympus, the Sun never looked on aught so grand\’.\” Great lines by the Greek poet Antpeter of Sidon who reckoned the great Ancient Tomb that was built after being destroyed twice by flood and arson. Third tome construction start in 323BC and survived till 268BD. In 2014 it was given the name of World Heritage Site Status.The fragments of its sites can be found still in British Museum that were found in 1869 he ancient author and philosopher Pliny described the temple as being 377 feet long and 180 feet wide.
3: Statue of Zeus at Olympia
This enormous statue was built in honour of god Zeus was built at the Temple of Zeus in Olympia around 450 B.C. It was designed by the Greek sculptor Pheidias, the statue of a seated Zeus measured 40 feet tall and was carved from ivory with gold-plated accents. The statue depicts him seated on a cedar throne inlaid with jewels, holding a statue of Nike (goddess of victory) in his right hand and a scepter with an eagle on top in his left hand. Various theories exist to explain the statue\’s destruction. Some scholars believe that it was destroyed along with the temple in the fifth century. Others argue that the statue was brought to Constantinople, where it was destroyed in a fire in A.D. 462.
4: Tomb of Maussollos at Halicarnassus
The tomb built to hold the remains of the Persian king Mausollos and his wife, Artemisia, was designed by the Greek architects Satyrus and Pythius and constructed around 353 B.C. on a hill overlooking the ancient city of Halicarnassus. The tomb stood 135 feet high, and its exterior was surrounded by an ornamental frieze. Numerous statues, bas-reliefs and columns decorated the exterior of the ornate and enormous tomb, and eventually the term \”mausoleum\” became used to describe any large and impressive tomb. Multiple earthquakes ultimately led to the destruction of the tomb in the 14th century.
5: Colossus at Rhodes
The Colossus of Rhodes was actually an enormous, looming 100-foot tall statue of the Greek god Helios, built on the island of Rhodes around 280 B.C. The statue was erected to commemorate the island\’s patron god, Helios, after Rhodes successfully defended itself in 304 B.C. from an invasion. Scholars believe that the statue stood either on a pedestal at the entrance to the island\’s harbour or on a breakwater in the harbour. An earthquake destroyed the statue in 226 B.C., a mere 54 years after its construction.
6: Lighthouse of Alexandria
Scholars estimate the Lighthouse of Alexandria measured between 383 and 450 feet high and was built in the third century B.C. to act as a landmark for Pharos, a small island off the coast of Alexandria, Egypt. The lighthouse\’s tower was built using light-coloured stone, and at its highest point, a mirror was placed to reflect sunlight during the day; at night a fire burned to give off light. Some historians believe that the light given off could be seen for some 35 miles. The lighthouse was damaged by 2 earthquakes in 1303 and 1323, and its remains were destroyed in 1480, when a fort was built on the site.
7: Hanging Gardens of Babylon
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon are said to have been built by Nebuchadnezzar II, a ruler of Babylon, around 600 B.C. There\’s no physical evidence and Babylonian documents never mention them.Scholars estimated that the gardens consisted of vaulted terraces raised above one another and supported on pillars — in other words, an artificial rising mountain of gardens. The terraces were filled with dirt and planted with trees and flora, which were said to hang over the sides. The gardens were destroyed by an earthquake around the first century B.C.