What is HIV & HIV Symptoms

What is HIV?

HIV or the human immunodeficiency virus is perhaps one of those diseases in the world that most of the people are familiar with. However, not everyone is aware of the adverse effects on the body metabolism due to this detrimental virus. The disease technically destroys the CD4+ cells that are one of the most critical components of the immune system in the human body. These cells are largely responsible for keeping you healthy by putting an effective fight against the common infections and diseases.

The various effects of HIV on the body was deciphered due to the massive advancements in the medical science stream mostly due to the molecular genetics studies that include the diagnosis technique of Southern Blotting. It is a process of DNA identification that leads to the phylogenetic studies, personal identification, and maternity and paternity analysis, all of which are tested for the diagnosis of HIV 1 virus. For further data, you can visit authentic sources like https://www.mybiosource.com/.

HIV Symptoms

With that being said, take a look at the various effects of HIV on the metabolism of the human body:

What is HIV & HIV Symptoms
What is HIV & HIV Symptoms

Immune System

Your immune system is accountable to render optimum protection to your body against infections and diseases. It comprises of the WBCs that confers you with appended security against bacteria and viruses which can make you sick. The effects of HIV virus on the immune system leads to fever, chills, night sweats, rash, sore throat and so on during the early stages. With the advancement of the virus and a gradual decrease in the CD4+ count, your body can experience fatigue, shortness of breath, cough and fever along with a higher risk of lymphomas.

Cardiovascular and Respiratory System

Influenza, colds, and pneumonia are some of the common HIV symptoms that take place when HIV advances over a gradual period of time. Without the preventive and advanced treatment, there can be a higher risk of lung cancer that is mostly caused due to the weakening of the lungs due to a wide range of respiratory problems.

Digestive System

As mentioned above, HIV affects your immune system; it leads to making your body more vulnerable to various infections that have the ability to have adverse effects on your digestive system as well. The primary effect can be seen in your digestive tract, leading to weight loss over time and loss of appetite, making it almost difficult for you to eat. Another issue of HIV on the digestive system is oral thrush that involves inflammation and creating a white layer on the tongue.

Integumentary System

Perhaps the most visible signs of HIV are seen on the skin surface due to the weak immune system response. Some of the effects include herpes that leads to developing sores around your genitals and mouth. HIV is also known for increasing shingles and rashes. Other skin conditions due to HIV include skin cancer, eczema, and scabies.


HIV progresses gradually over time and has a wide range of HIV symptoms that vary from the acute to the chronic stage, before leading to AIDS. The aforementioned HIV symptoms and causes in your body metabolism happen when HIV affects your body. Adhere to regular medication and treatment in order to fight back these adverse effects of HIV.

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